The helmet will prevent a serious head and brain injury and needs to be worn correctly. The forehead should not show and the helmet needs to be adjusted to stay firm and not move on the head.
The bike should fit the child. Have the child straddle the bike--the top tube of the bike should be 2 to 3 inches below his crotch.
Light-colored and reflective clothing and stickers on helmets help the cyclist be seen by drivers. Biking gloves protect the hands from road rash. Long pants protect the knees and legs from scrapes.
Where to Ride
Young children will stay close to home, but as they become better riders, they venture farther. They should stay on sidewalks until age 10, then they should always ride with traffic. Hazards like cars pulling out of driveways, pedestrians, glass, potholes and storm drains will be some hazards they face.
Bikes need to stop at signs and lights. Pedestrians have the right of way. Signal when changing lanes or turning. Beginning cyclists should get off their bikes and walk to cross busy intersections. When passing cyclists and pedestrians, they should announce "passing left."