The pyramids were built as tombs in which to bury pharaohs. But the age, construction and symbolism of the pyramids of Giza remain a mystery.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the largest building ever built. It was originally 479 feet high, and it is still 449 feet high today. The Great Pyramid of Khufu was built for the pharaoh Khufu, who was the second king of the Fourth Dynasty. Egyptian priests told the Greek historian Herodotus, who visited Giza around 450 B.C., that it took 400,000 men 20 years to build the pyramid.
The Pyramid of Khafre
The Pyramid of Khafre is the second-largest pyramid of Giza. It was built for Khufu's son, Khafre, who was the fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty. It was originally 471 feet high and is situated near the Great Sphinx.
The Pyramid of Menkaure
The Pyramid of Menkaure was built for Menkaure, the son of Khafre, who was the fifth king of the Fourth Dynasty. It was originally 218 feet high and was the last of the pyramids to be built.
A series of flat-topped pyramids were built for Khufu's favorite children. And three small pyramids were built for three of Khufu's wives.
Article Written By Timothy Drew
Timothy Drew is a writer who draws from his experiences in travel and his daily adventures. He graduated from Austin Peay State University in Clarksville, Tenn., with a bachelor's in business. He is an English teacher and soccer referee who has worked in the United States, Korea and Thailand, which has given him a wealth of material and a different perspective as an expat abroad.