Information About Chad, Africa

Information About Chad, Africa
Nestled in the heart of Central Africa, and comprised of mountains, grasslands and untamed terrain, Chad was made for the adventurous traveler. With its rich history, varied landscapes and unique cultures, Chad is one of Africa's best kept secrets.

Geography

Chad is a landlocked nation surrounded by Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan. Chad has an extremely diverse landscape with mountains in the north, arid savanna with Lake Chad in the west, highlands in the east, and wooded lowlands in the south.

Size

Chad is home to approximately 10 million people. With more than 480,000 square miles of land, Chad is slightly smaller than Alaska in size.

History

The area surrounding Lake Chad has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years. Since the 8th century, Chad has been conquered and occupied by the Berbers, the Sudanese and Arabs. During the 16th century, several rival kingdoms such as Kanem-Bornu, Baguirmi, and Ouaddai thrived. After a long history as a French colony, Chad achieved independence in August 1960.

Identification

Chad is a large nation with more than 200 ethnic groups that each possess distinct languages. Northern Chad has a population of semi-nomadic Muslims, while Christians in the south live in a primarily agriculture-based society. Roughly 51 percent of Chad's population identifies as Muslim.

Fun Fact

Chad is known as "the Dead Heart of Africa," primarily due to its location and proximity to the Sahara Desert.

Article Written By Ayisatu J. Taylor

Ayisatu J. Taylor is a graduate of Smith College and has been writing for more than six years. She is attending graduate school for a degree in emergency health studies with a concentration on disaster response and recovery management. Taylor's work on travel, health and gardening can be seen on numerous websites.

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