Salton Sea is a part of the Sonoran Desert in southeastern California. The lake occupies the lowest portion of the desert basin. Mountains surround the basin, making Salton Sea a terminal lake with no outlets.
Salton Sea is an important wetlands habitat, as more than 90 percent of wetlands in California have been lost, according to the Salton Sea Authority. The authority states that more than 40 percent of the U.S. population of Yuma clapper rail inhabit Salton Sea. The lake also supports 90 percent of the eared grebe and 80 to 90 percent of the American white pelican.
The very things that make Salton Sea a rich source of wildlife also threaten its existence. The lake faces challenges from high salt content, declining oxygen levels because of nutrients overabundance, and bird disease and die-offs.
In 2003, the Salton Sea Authority endorsed the Salton Sea Concept to sustain and revitalize Salton Sea.
Salton Sea offers abundant fishing and birdwatching opportunities. Other recreational activities in and around Salton Sea include boating, camping, off-roading and hiking. Salton Sea State Recreation Area has hundreds of picnic sites, playgrounds, trails, 1,400 campsites in five campgrounds as well as a visitors' center and boat ramps.