Experts suggest the water be at least 59 degrees F and at a steady temperature. Sometimes a raise in pond temperature is needed to incite breeding.
Clean water is emphasized, especially after spawning. Your fish need to have plenty of oxygen pumped into the water.
Females require a lot of protein to produce their eggs. Newly hatched or birthed young will need protein as well.
Some fish use internal fertilization for their breeding. All that is really needed for them is to provide food and clean water.
These fish will lay their eggs where their behavioral instincts guide them, sometimes in grass or on the flat pond bottom.
Article Written By Heather Broeker
Originally from North Carolina, Heather Broeker studied journalism and advertising at the University of North Carolina. After graduation she moved to Los Angeles, where she worked for Fox Searchlight, Fox Reality and later as a writer and marketing director. Broeker now lives in Los Angeles and runs Head Over Heels, a writing and public relations company.