Galapagos Island Information

Galapagos Island Information
The Galapagos Islands offer the nature lover and sports enthusiast opportunities for snorkeling, kayaking, scuba diving and hiking on established trails. Conservation organizations work to protect the fragile ecosystems of these islands.


The subtropical climate on the islands features a low of 60 degrees F to a high of 90 degrees F. The dry season from June to December might have showers in the afternoon; the rainy season from December to May has daily rain and warmer ocean water.


According to the Galapagos Conservation Trust, "Today the Galapagos islands are the best preserved tropical archipelago in the world." But increased tourism and invasive species are enough of a threat that the islands are now a World Heritage Site in Danger.

Main Islands

The islands most visited by tourists are Bartolome, Daphne, Espanola, Fernandina, Floreana, Genovesa, Isabela, Plaza Sur, Rabida, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, Seymour Norte and Sombrero Chino.

Native Animals and Plants

Wildlife endemic to the Galapagos Islands include 14 species of giant tortoise, marine iguana, waved albatross, whales, sea lions and more than 300 species of fish. Native plants include the giant prickly pear, orchids and tree daisies.

Regulations for Visitors

Visitors cannot bring live material or food, touch or feed wildlife, despoil rocks or plants, stray from permitted trails, litter or travel without a licensed national park guide.

Article Written By Ellen Kendall

Ellen Kendall has 15 years of writing and editing experience. Her travel and insurance articles have appeared in national magazines. Her book contributions include biographies and multi-cultural and Holocaust lesson plans. She has previously served as a real estate broker and interior designer and taught ESL in Korea and at Duke.

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