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  • Czechoslovakia Facts

    Czechoslovakia Facts
    Since their peaceful split in 1993, the countries of Slovakia and the Czech Republic make up the area formerly known as Czechoslovakia. Travel in the region offers numerous outdoor pursuits and opportunities to experience the history and culture of Eastern Europe.


    The land of Bohemia came under Hapsburg rule in 1526 and eventually became part of the Austrian Empire. Following the wake of World War I and the dissolution of the empire, the Independent Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed. A communist coup overthrew the government in 1948, and Soviet Bloc took control of the territory 20 years later. It wasn't until 1989 that the Warsaw Pact countries left Czechoslovakia.

    When to Go

    The high season in both countries is between May and September. July and August, the months when most Europeans have their vacations, are the most crowded months. Mountainous areas are popular destinations to escape summer heat or to ski between November and March.

    Travel Documents

    EU citizens need passports or identity cards to enter either country. Citizens of the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan and New Zealand can stay up to 90 days without visas. Citizens of other counties should check with the nearest Czech and Slovak embassies regarding visa requirements. Visas are not granted on arrival.


    During winter, skiing is popular in mountainous areas. In larger cities, museums and art galleries are open during tourist season. A trip to the Bohemian Switzerland National Park is an excellent way to take in the natural beauty of the land.

    Getting There

    The capitals of Prague and Bratislava can be easily reached by air from other European destinations. Ryan Air and Easy Jet offer discounted fares from London. If you are flying from North America and cannot find a direct flight, try flying via Vienna International Airport.

    Article Written By Heather Carreiro

    Heather Carreiro is a certified English teacher who has been writing since 2008. The editor of Matador Abroad, her work has appeared online at BootsnAll, Matador Network, GoNOMAD, Journey Beyond Travel and Expat Women. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics and Middle Eastern studies from the University of Massachusetts Amherst and is pursuing a Master of Arts in English at Bridgewater State University.

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