Bird feeders come in a variety of shapes and sizes and each type can be used to entice different kinds of songbirds. Common types of bird feeders include sunflower or mixed-seed feeders, tube feeders, hummingbird feeders, oriole feeders, bluebird feeders and suet feeders.
Sunflower of Mixed-Seed Feeder
Sunflower or mixed-seed bird feeders come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The most common construction includes a central seed reservoir with two feeding platforms on either side, all covered by a roof.
Tube feeders are commonly filled with thistle seeds (or nyjer seeds) and are used to feed finches and other small songbirds. Tube feeders may be constructed with plastic with several perches, or it may be made of fabric such as nylon.
Hummingbirds prefer to feed on nectar. Hummingbird feeders are filled with a sugar-water concoction and may be made of plastic or glass.
Like hummingbirds, orioles prefer to feed on nectar. Though similar in construction to hummingbird feeders, oriole feeders also typically contain areas where you can place fruit, jelly, or meal worms for the birds' consumption.
Bluebirds tend to be shyer than other songbirds and will often not feed from traditional bird feeders. Feeders that have roofs or other protective shields are more likely to attract bluebirds.
In the wintertime, suet, which is rich in fat, is an attractive food source for birds. Suet feeders typically have a "caged" construction that allows birds to peck at the suet cake through its open spaces.