Kettle Valley Railway: Vancouver, Victoria, and Eastern (VV&E) / Midway to Princeton Professional Review and Guide
"The VV&E was chartered in 1896 by William Templeton, Mayor of Vancouver, as the railway to bring the riches of the Kootenays to Vancouver, a coast-to-Kootenay line. Not a spike was driven along this imaginary railway until it was taken over by J. J. Hill in 1901. As a direct competitor of the KVR, the VV&E struggled through the mountain ranges of southern B.C. and northern Washington from Midway to Brookmere. In fact, the VV&E was the first railway to reach Princeton from Midway, via Oroville, Keremeos and Hedley. It was subsequently built onward to Brookmere."