The burner assembly is located near the top of the lantern. This assembly features a small tube which is used to pull air into the burner assembly where it is mixed with the lantern's fuel. The generator is another small part that attaches to the burner assembly. This part heats up when the lantern is lit and causes the liquid fuel to vaporize so that it can be used by the lantern.
The mantle on a Coleman lantern is a small cloth pouch. The first time a mantle is used, it should be attached to the burner assembly and lit with a match. The mantle will become flimsy and appear deflated and burnt, but this means that it is ready to use. Coleman recommends carrying extra mantles on a camping trip because mantles can easily become damaged. A torn mantle should be replaced to avoid damaging the lantern.
The glass part of the lantern that contains the burner assembly and the mantle is called the globe. The globe safely contains the lantern's flame. Avoid touching the globe when the lantern is lit, as it may become hot during use and cause injury. If it becomes cracked or broken, replace it by unscrewing the top of the lantern that holds the globe in place, removing the top and removing and replacing the globe.
The fuel valve is a small round knob located directly above the tank of the collar assembly of the lantern. This valve needs to be opened in order to light the lantern. The Coleman lantern can easily be turned off by turning the fuel valve to the closed position. The light will then dim and expire within 1-2 minutes.
The tank of a Coleman Lantern is located at the base of the unit. Coleman fuel lanterns are available in three varieties; propane, kerosene, and liquid fuel.The appropriate fuel specified in the owner's manual should always be used in each lantern, as using other types of fuel could damage the lantern or cause unsatisfactory performance during use.
Propane lanterns are powered by prefilled propane cylinders while kerosene and liquid fuel lanterns have tanks that can be refilled as needed. The tanks of kerosene and liquid fuel lanterns should occasionally be rinsed with fresh fuel to keep them clean. Do not use water to clean out the tank as drops of water in the tank can cause steam and an increase of pressure in the burner assembly. This pressure increase can break the mantle. Maintaining proper pressure in the lantern is important and kerosene and liquid fuel lantern tanks include a pump attached to the tank for this purpose. Coleman recommends opening the pump by turning the knob and then pumping the knob approximately 30 times while using your thumb to cover the hole in the knob. After this is done, the pump should be closed and the lantern may be lit.
Safety note: Coleman company does not recommend using fuel-powered lanterns indoors.
Battery lanterns are much different than their fuel-operated counterparts. These lanterns contain LED lights inside the globe of the lantern to provide light. The tank area holds batteries that provide power for the LEDs. Unlike fuel-operated lanterns, battery lanterns are safe to use indoors and have few parts to worry about.